The Twin Peaks crisis was prompted by a brazen attack by militants on the Indian Parliament building in New Delhi in December 2001. The second peak in the crisis occurred in May 2002, with an attack by militants in Jammu. The Bush administration’s crisis management effort was central in resolving the Twin Peaks crisis. The lessons learned by US officials, which are recounted in this report, could have lasting value, as another crisis between India and Pakistan cannot be discounted. This Stimson Center report provides an extraordinarily detailed, inside look at the US response to this extended crisis.